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Welcome to Trinidad on the Paradise Islands website. Trinidad is the larger of the two islands which together make up the country of Trinidad and Tobago. Trinidad is the southernmost of the islands and lies just seven miles north of Venezuela. Trinidad is also the most southerly of the Caribbean Windward island chain and one of the largest islands in the West Indies at more than 1,800 square miles. There are a further 21 smaller islands within the Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.

Trinidad

 

Both Trinidad and Tobago were discovered by Christopher Columbus on his third voyage in 1498. Trinidad was named after the Holy Trinity and remained in Spanish hands until 1797 when the island surrendered to a British blockage of 18 warships. The two islands of Trinidad and Tobago were incorporated into a crown colony in 1888 which eventually obtained self governing status in 1958; which in turn led to independence in 1976 when Trinidad and Tobago became a republic.

Maracas Bay Church

Market Stall

Little church at Maracas Bay

Girl selling vegetables

 

Unlike most of the smaller Caribbean islands, Trinidad does not rely on tourism. There are very few resort areas. The island is quite industrialised with a diverse economy including the export of oil and natural gas with some large natural mineral reserves. Petroleum and Petrochemicals are the largest sources of income, followed by agriculture including the export of citrus and coca.

Maracas Bay Lookout Trinidad

The population of Trinidad is 1.2 million and the capital is Port-of-Spain in the north. Other large towns include San Fernando and Chaguanas. The official language is English (although all islanders speak a local Creole) and the official currency is the Trinidad and Tobago dollar. Trinidad is the birthplace of calypso music and famous for the invention of the acoustic instrument steelpan.
Travel, cruise, vacation and cruise guide to Trinidad and the Caribbean. All text and images are Copyright Paradise Islands org. All photographs on this Caribbean travel guide website are obtained with the permission of the owners and come from various sources including the islands tourist boards. Some of our own maybe reproduced with permission - please see notes attached to each image to avoid any copyright penalty.
 

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Quick Facts

Capital
Port-of-Spain

Main Airport
Piarco
International

Main Port
Port-of-Spain

Language
English

Currency
T&T dollar

Government
Republic of
Trinidad & Tobago

Island Size
1,800
Square Miles

Population
1,200,000
 

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